Indian National Congress was founded on 28th December 1885 and it existed until 12th November 1969. The present Indian National Congress is one of the two major political parties in India but it is not the oldest democratic party in the world. It emerged only in the year 1969 and it’s founder is Mrs.Indira Gandhi.
Indian National Congress was formed by the suggestion of A.O.Hume,a British Servant.The purpose of the formation is for better communication between educated Indians and British Raj but within few years the party became active in Indian Independence Movement.In 1907 the party was split into two (extremist and moderates). After World War I,Mahatma Gandhi converted the party to an organization and made the party a powerful mass organization.
Mahatma Gandhi and Sardar Patel wanted to dissolve the party,according to them the party was created to achieve Independence.In 1950 a tug of war broke between Nehru’s Socialist wing and Patel’s Congress traditionalists.With Patel’s death in 1950,the power shifted to Nehru and many prominent members who opposed Nehru’s view were marginalized.
Nehru’s death in 1964,put the party’s future in question. K. Kamaraj the then president of the All India Congress Committee proposed the Kamaraj Plan.Kamaraj was instrumental in bringing Lal Bahadur Shastri to power in 1964 and Indira Gandhi in 1967. Kamaraj was given the title "kingmaker" in Indian politics and he stepped down as AICC president in 1967.
On 12 November 1969 Indira Gandhi was expelled from the Congress party for violating the party discipline.Indian National Congress adopted a right-wing agenda and distrusted soviet union whereas Indira Gandhi adopted a populist,left-wing agenda.Finally the party was split and Indira Gandhi formed a rival organization which was called as Indian National Congress (R),R-Stands for Requisition or Indian National Congress (I),I-Stands for Indira.
Indira Gandhi’s break away group was recognized as Indian National Congress by the Election Commission of India because of her control over the State Machinery. The Original Indian National Congress came to be known as the Indian National Congress (Organisation) or "Old Congress".It is sometimes also called as Syndicate. Kingmaker K.Kamaraj and later Morarji Desai became the leader.Morarji Desai served as Prime Minister of the Janata government from 1977 to 1979.In 1971 the Old Congress merged with the Bharatiya Lok Dal and few other parties to form the Janata Party.Thus,The Present Indian National Congress is a break away of the Original Congress.